Genes and Chemicals in Agriculture: Value and Risk (BIO 435-435H/535, FS 435-435H/535)
Lecture Readings

Required Text:
Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food
by Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak
Oxford University Press; ISBN: 978-0-19-530175-5
To order - Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Required readings
The main readings given below are required readings for quizzes, the mid-term, and the final. For quizzes, you are responsible for the readings assigned up to and including the day of the quiz. Emphasis in quizzes and exams will be on familiarity with concepts, and example crops and issues, not technical details of genes, acres, etc. Look at old exams to get a better idea of the level of information needed. When it says "peruse only" you are responsible only for knowing what the document was about, which you can get from scanning the summary, section headings, figures, and tables. You do not need to read the text, but you will need to have scanned the article for 2-3 minutes to get the main points of what it's about.

Week Date Topic Readings Text
THE BASICS
1 Mar 30 Class organization, rationale, goals. GMO and TOX issues

Tester Tomorrow's Table Book Rev Science 2008

World GMO crop usage Nature Biotech 2008

Forward, intro
Mar 31 (Rec) No class meeting: Review basic DNA/genomics. Terms/concepts you should know are listed here. A useful ppt is here.

Learn these terms from web/basic texts.

Review this ppt

Ch. 4
Apr 1 Plant genetic engineering methods
(1st ESSAY DUE/Strauss)

Agricultural Biotechnology: The GMO Debate

Opposition to transgenic technologies: ideology, interests and collective action frames 2008

Ch. 6
2 Apr 6 Breeding and genomics concepts; application to animals

Animal Breeding Review Cal Ag Biotech 2006

Video overview of animal biotechnology (Downloadable, to be shown in class)

Apr 7 (Rec) Anti-GMO views: What and why Sierra Club Genetic Engineering Report 2001
Apr 8 Animal biotechnology, cloning, rBST for milk production
(DNA basics, READINGS QUIZ 1/Strauss)

Animal biotech overview Nat Biotech 2005


Peruse only:

Capper et al. rbST environmental impact in dairy PNAS 2008

Dolly Cloning Overview Nat Biotech 2007

Weasel - Food Fray

3 Apr 13 History of domestication and breeding; green revolution

Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication Diamond 2002

Green Revolution: Curse or Blessing? IFPRI 2002

Ch. 1
Apr 14 (Rec) Organic certification / organics and GMOs

Organic Food Review 2006

Natl organic action


Peruse only:

Organic food nutrition rev Am J Clin Nutr 2009

Organic food and farming Q and A

Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use: The first thirteen years

Who benefits from GM crops?

Farmer to farmer campaign on genetic engineering

Apr 15 Localism, romanticism, and sustainable food

Paarlberg Ethics Ag 2009

McWilliams Just Food Forbes 2009


Peruse only:

Sexton local ag costs 2010

Ch. 10 and 11
4 Apr 20 Sustainable science

Miller Sustain Ag 2008

Ch. 2, 3, and 8
Apr 21 (Rec) Biomonitoring of environmental chemicals Paustenbach_biomonitor Env Health Perspect 2006
Apr 22 Toxicology basics
(READINGS QUIZ 2/Strauss)
Peruse only:

Pollution gets personal - Science, 2004

5 Apr 27 Natural toxins in food and environment
(SECOND ESSAY DUE/Strauss)
Biodiversity: Its Importance to Human Health
Apr 28 (Rec) Forest biotechnology

El-Lakany 2004 GM trees a threat? Unasylva 2004

Sederoff Regulatory Sci Forest Biotech 2007


Peruse only:

Strauss et al - Strangled at Birth - CBD and Tree Biotech - Nature Biotechnol 2009

GM Trees the Ultimate Threat ISIS 2005

Apr 29 Regulating GMOs, chemicals and pesticides

APHIS restructures Jones ISB Nov09

REACH and TSCA Science 2009

Understanding the Role of Science in Regulation

McHughen Regulation GM Crops 2006

Ch. 5 and 7
6 May 4 Risk assessment of chemicals

Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century

Science and Decisions: Advancing Risk Assessment


Peruse only:

Paracelsus to parascience: the environmental cancer distraction

May 5 (Rec) Industry interests and lobbying: Oregonians for Food and Shelter

Purdue Coop Extension Pesticide Benefits 2006

May 6 MIDTERM - in class (includes entire text book)
ISSUES AND CASE STUDIES
7 May 11 Regulating pesticide: a global perspective

Res & regulation pesticides 50 yrs J Ag Food Chem, 2002

May 12 (Rec) Videos!: Youtube or other / GMO and chemical technology is the solution to your problem

Science record on GMO crop issues Lemaux 2008

May 13 Food allergens, mycotoxins, and the saga of Star-Link corn

Starlink corn: a risk analysis

Bt crops and mycotoxin reduction ISB 2008


Peruse only:

Wu Mycotoxin - full version

Are bt crops safe? 2003

Shelton-InsectResisCropMgt-NatBiotech-2005

8 May 18 Bioreactor crops
(THIRD ESSAY DUE/Stone)

Is the drought over for pharming? Science 2008

On risk & plant-based biopharmaceuticals Trends Biotech 2004

May 19 (Rec) Videos!: Youtube or other / GMO and chemical technology is the solution to your problem

Lemaux part II Env Sci record GM crops 2009

May 20 Gene flow and adventitious presence
(READINGS QUIZ 3/Stone)

Review of glyphosate resistant crops p. 1-5

Glyp resist weed Science 2007

SpreadGMRice-ScienceMag-2006


Peruse only:

SyngentaGaffBtCorn-NatBiotech-2005

Mallory-Smith et al 2008

Ch. 9
9 May 25 Advances in toxicology

May 26 (Rec) Golden rice and humanitarian/developing world issues

Dueling Visions at IAASTD - Science 2008

Why is India shunning safer food 2010

Golden rice commentary BioSci 2005

Miller Activism in time of cholera 2008

May 27 Nanotechnology and toxicology

What is nanotechnology

Priorities for nano-risk R and D Science 2006

Getting nanotechnology right the first time

10 June 1 Discussion panel 1: Should bisphenol A be banned?

The Toxic Origins of Disease 2007

The problem with plastics 2009

Ch. 12
June 2 (Rec) Q and A and review session for final exam / student questions
June 3 Discussion panel 2: Should GMO and cloned food be labeled?
(FOURTH ESSAY DUE for grad-honors students only/Stone)

Labeling genetically modified foods: Communicating or creating confusion?

Cloned animal labeling Nature Biotech 2008


Peruse Only:

Flies in the soup labeling Nat Biotech 2004

11 June 9 FINAL EXAM - 6:00 PM (Pvy 108)