Genes and Chemicals in Agriculture: Value and Risk (BIO 435-435H/535, FS 435-435H/535)
General background
  1. The safety of GM foods produced through biotechnology Soc Toxicol Posit Paper 2003
  2. Court decision on Roundup-Ready Sugar Beet Injunction - March 2010
  3. Plant domestication Balter Science 2007
  4. Nutritional and Safety Assessments of Foods and Feeds Nutritionally Improved through Biotechnology: Case Studies: Institute of Food Technologists, Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 2007
    Detailed, authoritative, up to date discussions of science and regulation for several traits and crop types.
  5. Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology Agricultural Biotechnology News and Information - also see their many other conference reports and proceedings on nearly all biotech issues
  6. AGNET - Food Safety Network - great place to search for news articles on issues
  7. AgBioForum - journal on biotechnology economics, business, management
  8. Amer Soc Plant Biologists - Public Affairs - Statement on Genetic Modification of Plants Using Biotechnology, and other information on plant scientist views
  9. USDA AC21 Consensus Report on Opportunities and Challenges in Agricultural Biotechnology - Diverse, high level committee summary of current state of all the big biotech issues
  10. ASK Force - Amman - EFB Forum | Powered By ExpressionEngine - Euro-centric source for information on biotech issues and regulation
  11. State GMO laws: Seed & Plant Law Preemption Tracker
  12. Regulations USDA - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) - Biotechnology
  13. GMO crop resource page (Useful images and data for term papers - from Wayne Parrot web site - U Georgia)
  14. Information Systems for Biotechnology - Resources and Field Trial Databases
  15. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization - FAO searchable database on international food biotechnology
  16. Wisconsin GMO report 2006 The Why Files | GM crops: Where are the dead bodies?
  17. Wisconsin GMO 2006 Part II The Why Files | Genetic food safety
  18. The benefits of Biotech Conko 2003
  19. Database of scientific papers on benefits from GM crops - from industry supported CropLife
  20. 2004 Class readings - Resource Biotechnologies: Science and Safety
  1. Strauss et al - Strangled at Birth - CBD and Tree Biotech - Nature Biotechnol 2009
  2. EU zero tolerance EMBO McHughen 2010
  3. Europe and GMOs NY Times 2009
  4. Bailey-A Tale of Two Scientific Consensuses 2007
  5. Taverne- The real GM food scandal 2007
  6. Superweed study falters as seed firms deny access to transgene, Nature news 2002
  7. Silver-The biotechnology culture clash 2006
  8. Editorial: Another inconvenient truth 2007
  9. Miller et al-Is biotechnology a victim of anti-science bias in scientific journals? 2008
  10. Viewpoint: On the origin of specious critics 1985
  11. Taverne-The new fundamentalism 2005
  12. Miller et al-Why spurning food biotech has become a liability 2006
  13. Staehelin- Genetically Modified Foods Safer Than Organic 2003
  14. Juma-Biotechnology in a Globalizing World: The Coevolution of Technology and Social Institutions 2005
  15. European GMO labeling thresholds impractical and unscientific 2006
  16. Graff & Zilberman-Explaining Europe's Resistance to Agricultural Biotechnology 2004
  17. Craddock-Flies in the soup-European GM labeling legislation 2004
  1. The excitement and decline of GE potatoes in the USA 2004
  2. Rommens- Intragenic Crop Improvement: Combining the Benefits of Traditional Breeding and Genetic Engineering 2007
  1. APHIS restructures Jones ISB Nov09
  2. Nagy GMO EU politics Plant Sci 2010
  3. Bradford-Compliance costs for regulatory approval of new biotech crops 2007
  4. Wolt- Genetically modified crops for the bioeconomy: meeting public and regulatory expectations 2007
  5. Marchant-From General Policy to Legal Rule: Aspirations and Limitations of the Precautionary Principle 2003
  6. Kershen-Health and Food Safety: The Benefi ts of Bt-Corn 2006
  7. Romeis et al-Assessment of risk of insect-resistant transgenic crops to nontarget arthropods 2008
  8. Chassey-Food safety evaluation of crops produced through biotechnology 2002
  9. Inst Food Technologists (IFT) Expert Report on Biotechnology and Foods 2000
  1. Registering Skepticism - Env Health Perspec 2006
  2. Pesticides in the Nation's Streams and Ground Water, 1992-2001 USGS 2006 Report
  3. Union of Concerned Scientist-The Economics of Pharmaceutical Crops 2005
  4. Plant molecular farming: systems and products 2004
  5. Biopharmaceuticals from GM plants QJ Medicine 2004
  6. Peterson & Arntzen-On risk and plant-based biopharmaceuticals - Trends in Biotechnology, 2004
  7. Goldstein & Thomas-Biopharmaceuticals derived from genetically modified plants - QJ Med, 2004
  8. Ma et al Producn Recomb Pharm in Plants Nature Rev Genet 2003
  9. Pharming the Field- PEW, 2003
  10. Thomas et al. Producn therapeutic proteins in plants AgBio Univ Calif 2002
Animal biotechnology
  1. Animal biotech overview - Congress Res Service 2009
  2. Devlin Fish hormone fast growth GE PNAS 2009
  3. Rudenko et al-Animal cloning and the FDA-the risk assessment paradigm under public scrutiny 2007
  4. Yang et al-Risk assessment of meat and milk from cloned animals 2007
  5. Silver-The Environment's Best Friend GM or Organic? 2006
  6. Report of Animal Welfare Aspects of the use of Bovine Somatotropin (BST) 1999
  7. The PEW Charitable Trusts site of Agricultural Biotechnology
  8. Pro and con to FDA animal cloning position
  9. Federation of Animal Science Societies - news on animal biotech issues
Anti-GMO information (a small sample, google can give you much more)
  1. Union Conc Scientists Failure to Yield FINAL_embargoed 2009
  2. Rainforest Alliance-Sustainable Ag Network statement against GM crops 2008
  3. Physicians for Social Responsibility - Oregon - anti-GMO campaigns
  4. GMO Crops, a decade of failure, Friends of the Earth report - 1994-2004
  1. Paarlberg Ethics Ag 2009
  2. Thompson-Food and Agricultural Biotechnology: Incorporating Ethical Considerations 2000
  3. FAO- 2001 Ethical issues in food and agriculture
  4. Thompson-Value Judgments and Risk Comparisons. The Case of Genetically Engineered Crops 2003
  5. Rollins-"On Telos and Genetic Engineering" chapter 51
Food safety
  1. Schouten Jacobsen Are mutations dangerous 2007
  2. Ramessar et al-Biosafety and risk assessment framework for selectable marker genes in transgenic crop plants: a case of the science not supporting the politics 2007
  3. Demaneche et al-Antibiotic-resistant soil bacteria in transgenic plant fields 2008
  4. Baudo et al-Transgenesis has less impact on the transcriptome of wheat grain than conventional breeding 2006
  5. Catchpole et al-Hierarchical metabolomics demonstrates substantial compositional similarity between genetically modified and conventional potato crops 2005
Environmental issues
  1. National Research Council 2010 Study on Sustainability and GE Crops - Exec Summary
  2. Conserv Technol Biotech Report draft 2010
  3. GM maize Mexico gene flow news Nature 2009
  4. Strand book review: Whole Earth Discipline 2009
  5. Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices Nature 2002
  6. Ammann-Effects of biotechnology on biodiversity: herbicide-tolerant and insect-resistant GM crops 2005
  7. Shelton et al-Economic, Ecological, Food Safety, And Social Consequences Of The Deployment Of Bt Transgenic Plants 2002
  8. Kleter et al- Altered pesticide use on transgenic crops and the associated general impact from an environmental perspective 2007
  9. Beck-How Best to Look Forward? 2007
  10. Icoz & Stotzky-Fate and effects of insect-resistant Bt crops in soil ecosystems 2008
  11. Drakare et al-The imprint of the geographical, evolutionary
    and ecological context on species--area relationships 2006
  12. Swiss Ecological impacts of genetically modified crops 2006
  13. ISB News Report-Taking Aim at a Peaceful Coexistence: Ecological Impacts of Genetically Engineered Crops: Ten Years of Field Research and Commercial Cultivation (p. 6-8)
  14. Cattaneo et at-Farm-scale evaluation of the impacts of transgenic cotton on biodiversity, pesticide use, and yield 2006
Gene flow and adventitious presence
  1. Arntzen Using tobacco to treat cancer Science 2008
  2. Marvier Pharma crops with mixed outlook in California 2007
  3. Protecting the Food Supply - Executive Summary Union Conc Scientists 2003
  4. Action needed to harmonize regulation of low-level presence of biotech traits 2008
  5. CAST Gene Flow 2007
  6. USDA AC21 Consensus Report - Global Traceability and Labeling Requirements
  7. Hills et al-Genetic use restriction technologies (GURTs): strategies to impede transgene movement 2007
  8. Robinson: Zero tolerance is the problem Farm Press 2006
  9. ISB News Report-GE rice contamination controversy 2006 - p. 1-3
  10. Ellstrand-Going to "Great Lengths" to Prevent the Escape of Genes That Produce Specialty Chemicals 2003
  11. CAST Issue Paper-Implications of Gene Flow in the Scale-up and Commercial Use of Biotechnology-derived Crops: Economic and Policy Considerations 2007
  12. USDA Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Ag Consensus Report - Global Traceability and Labeling Requirements
  1. Economics of GM Crops Ann Rev Econ 2009
  2. Gaskell-Science policy and society: the British debate over GM agriculture 2004
  3. Brookes & Barfoot-GM Crops: The Global Economic and Environmental Impact-The First Nine Years 1996-2004; 2005
  1. Organic food nutrition rev Am J Clin Nutr 2009
  2. Organic Crop Production Overview (pages 1-8 through "integrity"; 23, summary only; boxes on pp. 13, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22)
  3. World Wildlife Fund paper on organics and research needs on toxicity and environmental effects 2002
  4. Winter & Davis-Organic Food 2006
  5. Readers Digest-Does Organic Mean Healthier? 2007
  6. Cloud-Eating better than organic 2007
  7. Organic Food IFT's latest Scientific Status Summary comprehensively compares organic and conventional foods; Synopsis 2006
  8. Trewavas-Urban myths of organic farming - Nature, 2001
  9. Organic: Is it the future of farming? - Nature, 2004
Legal/patent issues
  1. IP and native biodiversity Gepts 2004
  2. Acceptable intellectual property - Hilgartner
  3. Patents, seed saving, and legal actions against farmers - Jones, p. 5-7
  4. Schmeiser and Monsanto Science 2004
  5. Crop Scientists Say Biotechnology Seed Companies Are Thwarting Research, New York Times, 2009 - 19 February 2009
  6. IP and developing world editorial Beachy 2003
  7. THE FUTURE CONTROL OF FOOD A Guide to International Negotiations and Rules on Intellectual Property, Biodiversity and Food Security 2008
  8. IP aspects of plant transformation Dunwell 2005
  9. Plants and IP International Science 2004
  10. Kowalski et al-Transgenic crops, biotechnology and ownership rights: what scientists need to know 2002
  11. Williamson-Gene Patents: socially acceptable monopolies or an unnecessary hindrance to research? 2001
  12. Boettiger & Bennett-Gene patents: socially acceptable monopolies or an unnecessary hindrance to research? 2006
  13. Graff et al- The public-private structure of intellectual property ownership in agricultural biotechnology 2003
  14. Miller et al-Why spurning food biotech has become a liability 2006
Developing world and food security
  1. Breeding Technologies Rev Science 2010
  2. Food Security- The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People Science Exp 2010
  3. Federoff Rethinking Ag 21st Science 2010
  4. Science magazine special issue articles on food security and biotechnology 2010
  5. Herring Why is the "Failure of Bt Cotton in India" Story Still with Us? AgBioForum 2009
  6. New Research Examines Whether Biotechnology Is Relevant to Poor Farmers
  7. Margolis Crops with Attitude Newsweek 2008
  8. NGOs as representing civil society? 2009
  9. Borlaugh-Sixty-two years of Wghting hunger: personal recollections 2007
  10. Krawinkel_NatureBiotech_Glden Rice commentary 2007 Nat Biotec
  11. Stein_NatureBiotech_response Golden Rice 2007
  12. GM technology in developing world Science 2007
  13. Developing world biotech Delmer PNAS 2006
  14. Raney-Economic impact of transgenic crops in developing countries 2006
  15. Cohen-Economic impact of transgenic crops in developing countries 2005
  16. Sanchez & Swaminathan-Cutting World Hunger in Half 2005
  17. Gonsalves et al-Transgenic Virus Resistant Papaya: From Hope to Reality for Controlling Papaya Ringspot Virus in Hawaii 2004
  18. De Greff-The Cartagena Protocol and the future of biotech - Nature Biotechnology, 2004
  19. World Hunger: 12 Myths - Second Edition, pp. 1 - 41
  20. Toenniessen et al-Advances in plant biotechnology and its adoption in developing countries, 2003
  21. Huang et al-Enhancing crops to feed the poor 2002
  22. Conway & Toenniessen-Feeding the world 21st century - Nature, 1999
Risk perception
  1. GMO abomination EmboJ 2009
  2. Green products and ethic altruism 2009
  3. Nisbet & Mooney-FramingScience 2007
  4. Checker-"But I Know It's True": Environmental Risk Assessment, Justice, and Anthropology 2007
  5. Lang & Hallman-Who Does the Public Trust? The Case of Genetically Modified Food in the United States 2005
  6. Slovic-Trust, Emotion, Sex, Politics, and Science: Surveying the Risk-Assessment Battlefield 1999
  7. Rustichini-Emotion and Reason in Making Decisions - Science, 2005
  8. Finucane et al- Gender, race, and perceived risk: the `white male' effect 2000
  9. Martino et al- Frames, Biases, and Rational Decision-Making in the Human Brain - Science, 2006
Previous course web sites
  1. Spring Term 2009
  2. Spring Term 2008
  3. Spring Term 2007