of Oregon > Western Juniper
Coast Redwood Forests
redwood is the rarest forest type in Oregon. It is the northern-most
extension of the much larger redwood forest of northern California, reaching
only about 10 miles into southern Oregon. In general, Oregon’s
redwoods are found on mountain slopes, rather than in river bottoms like
their California counterparts, and don’t grow as large as their
Douglas-fir, tanoak, Oregon-myrtle, bigleaf
maple, Sitka spruce, and western hemlock are also found in this forest type.
Redwoods are tough trees. They are tolerant of shade, have thick bark that
resists fire damage, have heartwood that repels insects and decay, and sprout
following injury or burial from flooding.
Because redwoods naturally regenerate
from root suckers and stumps, small groups of trees ranging from young
to very old may actually be sprouts from the same individual. As a result,
trees can live for more than a thousand years and stands can occupy sites
indefinitely, regenerating themselves following disturbance.
forests occur in wet, mild maritime climates with frequent summer fog. “Fog
drip”* is an important source of moisture, especially
in the drier summer months.
Management: Redwood forests can be managed
as even- or uneven-aged stands, with clearcut or individual tree selection
techniques. The wood
from these forests is used for a variety of lumber, furniture, and bark
* For detailed and updated information
on this amazing tree and the ecosystem in which it thrives, click
hemlock/Sitka spruce forests urban
mixed conifer forests coast
redwood forests hardwood
pine forests subalpine
larch forests western