Carbon Forms and Functions in Forest Soils

Editors

William W. McFee and J. Michael Kelly

Based on the papers presented at the Eighth North American Forest Soils Conference; and sponsored by the Soil Science Society of America, Society of American Foresters, Canadian Institute of Forestry, and Canadian Soil Science Society. Financial support provided by USDA Forest Service-Global Climate Change Program, ITF- Rayonier, Inc., Packaging of America, Georgia Pacific, Container Corporation of America-Jefferson Smurfit Corporation, Champion International Corporation, International Paper Company, and University of Florida-Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences; Gainsville, Florida, May 1993.

Organizing Committee

D.H. AlbanM.F. Jurgensen
J.R. BoyleJ.M. Kelly
R.D. BriggsW.W. McFee
J.A. BurgerI.K. Morrison
D.W. ColeD.G. Neary
N.B. ComerfordP.E. Pope
R.F. FisherR.F. Powers
N.W. FosterD.H. Van Lear
J.D. Joslin

Editor-in-Chief SSSA
Jerry M. Bigham

Managing Editor Jon M. Bartels

Soil Science Society of America, Inc. Madison, Wisconsin USA 1995

CONTENTS

Dedication .................................................................................... v
Foreword .................................................................................... xi
Preface .................................................................................... xiii
Contributors .................................................................................... xv

1Soil Organic Matter: Clue or Conundrum?Richard F. Fisher1
 
2Forest Soil Organic Matter: Characterization and Modern Methods of AnalysisJohn G. McColl and Noam Gressel13
 
3Fractionation of Soil Organic Matter with Supercritical Freon Felipe G. Sanchez and Gregory A. Ruark33
 
4The Influence of Low-Molecular-Weight Organic Acids on Properties and Processes in Forest SoilsThomas R. Fox43
 
5Characterization of Dissolved and Colloidal Organic Matter in Soil Solution: A ReviewBruce E. Herbert and Paul M. Bertsch63
 
6Chemistry of Carbon Decomposition Processes in Forests as Revealed by Solid-State Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic ResonanceJ.A. Baldock and C.M. Preston89
 
7Management-Induced Changes in the Actively Cycling Fractions of Soil Organic MatterB.H. Ellert and E.G. Gregorich119
 
8Long-Term Changes in Organic Matter in Soils Receiving Applications of Municipal BiosolidsRobert B. Harrison, Charles L. Henry, Dale W. Cole, and Dongsen Xue139
 
9Soil Carbon, Soil Formation, and Ecosystem DevelopmentKeith Van Cleve and Robert F. Powers155
 
10Soil Organic Carbon in the Missouri Forest-Prairie Ecotone R. David Hammer, Gray S. Henderson, Ranjith P. Udawatta and Donna K. Brandt201
 
11Carbon Cycling in a Loblolly Pine Forest: Implications for the Missing Carbon Sink and for the Concept of SoilD.D. Richter, D. Markewitz, C.G. Wells, H.L. Allen, J.K. Dunscombe, K. Harrison, P.R. Heine, A. Stuanes, B. Urrego, and G. Bonani233
 
12Toward a New Theory of PodzolizationBryant A. Browne253
 
13A Model of Soil Organic Matter and its Function in Temperate Forest Soil DevelopmentRobert C. Santore, Charles T. Driscoll, and Michael Aloi275
 
14Role of Carbon in the Cycling of Other Nutrients in Forested EcosystemsDale W. Johnson299
 
15Carbon Controls on Spodosol Nitrogen, Sulfur, and Phosphorus CyclingMark B. David, George F. Vance, and Anna J. Krzyszowska329
 
16Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling within Mid- and Late-Rotation Jack PineNeil W. Foster, Ian K. Morrison, Paul W. Hazlett, Gary D. Hogan, and Maria 1. Salerno355
 
17Carbon Chemistry and Nutrient Supply in Cedar-Hemlock and Hemlock-Amabilis Fir Forest FloorsCindy E. Prescott, L.E. Demontigny, C.M. Preston, Rodney J. Keenan, and Gordon F. Weetman377
 
18Belowground Responses to Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide in Forests Richard J. Norby, E.G. O'Neill, and Stan D. Wullschleger397
 
19Soil Organic Matter: A Link Between Forest Management and ProductivityGray S. Henderson419
 
20Soil Carbon in Northern Forested Wetlands: Impacts of Silvicultural PracticesCarl C. Trettin, Martin F. Jurgensen, Margaret R. Gale, and James W. McLaughlin437
 
21Carbon Dynamics Following Clear-Cutting of a Northern Hardwood ForestChris E. Johnson, Charles T. Driscoll, Timothy J. Fahey, Thomas G. Siccama, and Jeffery W. Hughes463
 
22Distribution of Carbon in a Piedmont Soil as Affected by Loblolly Pine ManagementD.H. Van Lear, P.R. Kapeluck, and Melissa M. Parker489
 
23The Role of Forest Soils in the Global Carbon CycleAlex F. Bouwman and Rik Leemans503
 
24Comparison of Carbon Accumulation in Douglas Fir and Red Alder ForestsDale W. Cole, Jana E. Compton, Peter S. Homann, R.L. Edmonds, and Helga Van Miegroet527
 
25Modeling Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics in Western Red Cedar and Soil Western Hemlock ForestsRodney J. Keenen, J.P. (Hamish) Kimmins, and John Pastor547
 
26Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics in Oak Stands along an Urban-Rural GradientRichard V. Pouyat, Mark J. McDonnell, S.T.A. Pickett, Peter M. Groffman, M.M. Carreiro, Robert W. Parmelee, Kimberly E. Medley, and W.C. Zipperer569
 
27A Perspective on the Evolution of Forest Soil ScienceRobert F. Chandler, Jr.589

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